#Corexit : Dispersants make #Oil spills 52 times more toxic – #BP

via Environmental Pollution

Synergistic toxicity of Macondo crude oil and dispersant Corexit 9500A® to the Brachionus plicatilis species complex (Rotifera)

Abstract

Using the marine rotifer Brachionus plicatilis acute toxicity tests, we estimated the toxicity of Corexit 9500A®, propylene glycol, and Macondo oil. Ratios of 1:10, 1:50 and 1:130 for Corexit 9500A®:Macondo oil mixture represent: maximum exposure concentrations, recommended ratios for deploying Corexit (1:10–1:50), 1:130 the actual dispersant:oil ratio used in the Deep Water Horizon spill. Corexit 9500A® and oil are similar in their toxicity. However, when Corexit 9500A® and oil are mixed, toxicity to B. manjavacas increases up to 52-fold. Extrapolating these results to the oil released by the Macondo well, suggests underestimation of increased toxicity from Corexit application. We found small differences in sensitivity among species of the B. plicatilis species complex, likely reflecting phylogenetic similarity. Just 2.6% of the water-accommodated fraction of oil inhibited rotifer cyst hatching by 50%, an ecologically significant result because rotifer cyst in sediments are critical resources for the recolonization of populations each Spring.

BP Oil Corexit Gulf of Mexico

This photograph shows windrows of emulsified oil (bright orange) sprayed with dispersant. The photo was taken on April 26, 2010 as part of an aerial observation overflight.

Britain banned some formulations of the dispersant Corexit more than a decade ago.

Glad I saved files from my old site. *Note – I have removed the links that were within these old files to other posts because the old site is off line. Everything else is left as is. Here’s one from May 20 2012

BP to use less lethal dispersant, maybe ..
EPA demands less-toxic dispersant

The Environmental Protection Agency informed BP officials late Wednesday that the company has 24 hours to choose a less-toxic form of chemical dispersants to break up its oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, according to government sources familiar with the decision, and must apply the new form of dispersants within 72 hours of submitting the list of alternatives.

The move is significant, because it suggests federal officials are now concerned that the unprecedented use of chemical dispersants could pose a significant threat to the Gulf of Mexico’s marine life. BP has been using two forms of dispersants, Corexit 9500A and Corexit 9527A, and so far has applied 600,000 gallons on the surface and 55,000 underwater.[ That’s 15595 barrels if measured in terms of oil ]

“Dispersants have never been used in this volume before,” said an administration official who spoke on the condition of anonymity because the decision hasn’t been formally announced. “This is a large amount of dispersants being used, larger amounts than have ever been used, on a pipe that continues to leak oil and that BP is still trying to cap.”

The new policy applies to both surface and undersea application, according to sources, and comes as the EPA has just posted BP’s own results from monitoring the effect that underwater application of chemical dispersants has had in terms of toxicity, dissolved oxygen and effectiveness.

An EPA official said the agency would make an announcement on the matter later Thursday.
Article Link still active as of 5:39 AM 12/1/2012 views.washingtonpost.com

Here’s a video I linked to from June 27 2012


 
 
Here’s another saved file from July 23 2010

BP oil spill and the Toxic Air it created

Breathing Toxic Oil Vapors ?

Many of us in the southeast knew this was going to happen. It was inevitable. What else could come from the use of dispersants used to break up the massive oil spill into a micro spill.

For the last 4 days I have had a sore throat. And here I thought I was catching something. Little did I know it was the vapors. ‘Toxic Vapors’.

It started with irritation in the nose and sinus. The feeling in my sinus reminded me of swimming all day in chlorinated water. Do you remember that burning feeling ? I then started to have little chest congestion, then the sore throat. After being outside for a good part of the day yesterday, last night my eyes were bothering me. Burning and itching, like there was sand in them. The feeling reminded me of the effects on the eyes after welding without the protective goggles or helmet, more specifically, the protective lens. I could hardly sleep last night from the irritation to many of my senses and nagging headache.

As of this writing, BP has used 1,072,514 gallons of what they call surface dispersant. This is dispersant sprayed into the air, which then drift down on to the oil slick to break it down. They have also used 771,272 gallons of subsea dispersant. For a total of 1,843,786 gallons of dispersant used at this time. I believe the number to be greater than what is being reported. Why ? Because on July 2, 2010, 64 days into the oil spill they had used a total of 1,620,000 gallons, more or less of toxic dispersant. So … since July 2, 2010 until the latest report retrieved today July 23, 2010, they have only used 223,786 gallons of dispersant in the past 21 days.

I wonder if many people are feeling the way I feel, and are writing it off as something else as I did at the beginning ? I have no proof as to what I have experienced is due to the dispersant. But there is better that 50% that it is. I have also talked to 6 others yesterday. They all mention a sore throat, and two of them mention sinus irritation. And just as in the video, this came about after being out in the rain.


 
I have many more files during the BP oil spill and videos too. Maybe I’ll get them uploaded one day 🙂

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DuPont Sends in Former Cops to Enforce Seed Patents

Not that anyone I know wants to eat this shit … but what are you going to do. GMO is in everything.

DuPont Co. (DD), the world’s second- biggest seed company, is sending dozens of former police officers across North America to prevent a practice generations of farmers once took for granted.

The provider of the best-selling genetically modified soybean seed is looking for evidence of farmers illegally saving them from harvests for replanting next season, which is not allowed under sales contracts. The Wilmington, Delaware-based company is inspecting Canadian fields and will begin in the U.S. next year, said Randy Schlatter, a DuPont senior manager.

DuPont is protecting its sales of Roundup Ready soybeans, so called because they tolerate being sprayed by Monsanto Co. (MON)’s Roundup herbicide. For years enforcement was done by Monsanto, which created Roundup Ready and dominates the $13.3 billion biotech seed industry, though it’s moving on to a new line of seeds now that patents are expiring. That leaves DuPont to play the bad guy, enforcing alternative patents so cheaper “illegal beans” don’t get planted.

“Farmers are never going to get cheap access to these genetically engineered varieties,” said Charles Benbrook, a research professor at Washington State University’s Center for Sustaining Agriculture and Natural Resources. “The biotech industry has trumped the legitimate economic interests of the farmer again by raising the ante on intellectual property.”

More >> bloomberg.com

Urban Shield Full Scale Functional Exercise – Austin Texas – December 1-2 2012

Just a friendly heads up …

From the website http://www.texsar.org/urbanshield/

The drill is a component of the Greater Austin Area Urban Shield Full-Scale Preparedness Exercise and will include emergency management and hospital personnel, law enforcement and hazmat responders from Travis, Hays and Williamson County. The drill is designed to test responders’ skills at handling a real event involving contamination and mass casualties.

Volunteers will act as victims, which may include participating in the decontamination process and being watered down Some of those serving as victims also will be made up with moulage to resemble injuries.

Saturday, December 1, 2012, at the Travis County Exposition Center, 7311 Decker Lane in Austin.

It is likely that nothing will happen before, during or after this exercise as contaminants are involved. Then again stranger things have happened. Austin Texas is home to about 85 pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies, one of those being Hospira, the maker of Sodium thiopental also known as Sodium Pentothal a rapid-onset short-acting barbiturate general anesthetic, the first of three drugs administered during most lethal injections in the United States.

We’ve known of other exercises that have gone live either during [9/11] or around the time of the exercise with the most recent being the ‘Batman Theater Shooting’. It was reported that Colorado university staged an identical exercise the very same day of the deadly ‘Batman’ massacre where students were trained how to react to a gunman firing at people in a movie theater. See – Real life shooting imitates training exercise at Parker medical school [denverpost.com]

Urban Shield even has a video explaining “Why We Are Here!” which opens with clips of September 11 2001 and leads to other scenarios including Urban Warfare training. You can watch it here – http://urbanshield.tv/view?q=4fe80550196c1.flv

I thought this was funny. From the application[PDF] to participate in the Austin Texas Urban Shield –

I attest that the information I provided on this application is true and accurate. I understand that in order to participate in Urban Shield 2012, I may be subject to a criminal background check. I hereby authorize the Urban Shield Coordination Team or their designee to conduct a criminal background check using the information I provided.
I recognize that there are certain inherent risks associated with volunteering in Urban Shield 2012. I assume full responsibility for personal injury of myself and further release and discharge the City of Austin and City subordinate departments, Counties of Hays, Travis, and Williamson and their subordinate offices/departments, and hosting agencies for any injuries, lost or damaged items arising out of my participation, whether caused by the fault of myself or others.

Cytel Group, Inc. will facilitate the training, planning, preparation, and execution of the Austin Urban Shield exercise. Cytel Group, Inc. will assist in all aspects of project management during the planning phase, act as an advisory group during the preparation phase, and provide overall evaluators during the execution phase.
Cytel Group, Inc., Castro Valley, CA, has successfully developed, coordinated, and managed the Urban Shield exercise in the San Francisco Bay Area Region since 2007 and has provided oversight and assistance to the Urban Shield exercises in New Orleans in 2009 and Boston in May 2011.

DHS tries monitoring social media for signs of biological attacks


Have fun weeding through that weapon of mass destruction biological bullshit, algorithms or not. I say that due to the fact half of what is posted on social media is made up bullshit, and the other half is irrelavent. I’ve also seen my share of ‘hoaxes’, which I assume we’ll spend millions of dollars worth of manpower checking out just to be sure. And hear I thought all those biological & chemical sensors installed around the USA at the coast of billions were what was going to tell US if the terrorist [wink wink] were attacking via biological or chemical means.

Via Nextgov

The Homeland Security Department has commissioned Accenture to test technology that mines open social networks for indications of pandemics, according to the vendor.

The $3 million, yearlong “biosurveillance” program will try to instantaneously spot public health trends among the massive amount of data that citizens share online daily, company officials said in announcing the deal Thursday.

The business case for the new DHS program has not been proved yet, Accenture officials acknowledged. “Our pilot program seeks to prove this case,” said John Matchette, Accenture managing director for U.S. public safety. “In theory, social media analytics would have shown timely indicators for multiple past biological and health-related events.”

In July, President Obama issued a national strategy for biosurveillance that directs federal agencies to think outside the box in detecting incidents. “Consider social media as a force multiplier that can empower individuals and communities to provide early warning and global situational awareness,” the guidelines stated.

The strategy cites a number of recent threats to underscore the need for innovative biosurveillance, including the 2001 anthrax letters, 2003 SARS outbreak, 2009 bird flu pandemic and2011 Japan nuclear emergency.

Arlington, Va.-based Accenture and DHS will develop a model to “manage, link and analyze data from social media networks in real time to better inform and protect the public in the event of a national health emergency such as an infectious disease outbreak or a biological attack,” company officials stated. Homeland Security will examine information available through various outlets such as Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn and blogs, company officials added.